Start with teaching just the primary colors - red, blue, yellow and green. Once your child recognizes those colors, go on to teach the secondary colors - orange, purple, brown, black etc.
Find the Color
Play a color identifying game with your child by asking, "Can you find two things in your toy box that are red?" or "Tell me three things in the kitchen that are blue." Do a color hunt around the house. Simply walk around the house and identify everything that is blue, red, and so forth. Do the same thing when you are outside. When you are in the car, ask your child to watch for a car or truck of a particular color coming from the other direction!
Paint By Color
Find a simple picture such as a bunch of balloons or some flowers, a dinosaur or a clown. With a felt pen or crayon, color round circles of each of the primary colors on the corner of the page. Then label them numbers 1 to 4. Write the numbers in different places on your picture for your child to color. Your child will learn numbers and colors at the same time!
Turn a blah or rainy day into a fun day by naming it a special color day. Example: Blue Day. Help your children dress in all blue and do the same yourself. As a surprise, make a special blue snack such as blue jello or add blue food coloring to your child's milk.
Make a "Book of Blue Things". Fold a piece of construction paper in half. Fold 3 or 4 sheets of white filler paper in half. Staple the white paper inside the blue construction paper to make a book. Get some old catalogues or magazines and ask your child to find or cut out all things that are blue. Once you have an assortment of pictures, have your child glue them in the book. Talk about the pictures your child has chosen.
Make a paper collage of different shades and textures of blue paper. Have your child tear the different blue papers into small, medium and large pieces. Glue the paper onto white cardboard, construction paper or a piece of posterboard. You can even help your child create "scenes" by having a light blue sky and a darker ble ocean. Keep it simple and keep it fun!
Make a marble paint picture. You will need a shoe box(or other box with a lid), a piece of white paper cut to the size of the shoe box, 2 or 3 marbles and tempura paint in different shades of blue. Place the paper in the box. Pour several drops of blue paint on the paper. Drop the marbles in the box and close the lid. Shake, rattle and roll the box around in different directions until the white paper is all "painted".
Get out some spoons, bowls and cookie cutters and make blue playdough. Click here for play dough recipe.
Pour milk into a shallow glass dish. Drop 4-5 drops of red food coloring into the milk. Drop 4-5 drops of yellow near but, not on the red. You now have a red area and a yellow area.
Drop 2-3 drops of clear dish washing liquid between the two areas. Watch the action! Voila... orange!
*Try this with yellow/blue and red/blue, too!*
Play "I Spy"
Pick a colored object and recite "I spy with my little eye, something that is RED"(or blue, green etc.) Have your child look around the room and guess which object you picked. Remember to keep it simple and give your child small clues if needed.
In a small ziploc storage bag, put a small amount of red luquid tempura paint in one corner of the bag and a small amount of yellow in the other corner. Seal the bag closed and let your child squeeze the bag to mix the colors and create orange. Follow the same proceedure using red and blue paint to make purple; blue and yellow paint to make green.
Color Memory Game
Cut two circles each out of six different colors of construction paper and glue the circles on twelve index cards or pieces of light cardboard. Mix up the cards and spread them out face down on the floor or table. Let your child begin by turning up two cards. If the colors match, let your child keep the cards. If they don't, have your child replace both cards face down exactly where they were before. Continue until all the cards have been matched. Whoever ends with the most cards at the end of the game starts a new game.